Bangladesh Country Profile (World Bank)

Status under International Climate Change Law

  • UNFCCC: signature (9 June 1992), ratification (15 April 1994), and entry into force (5 January 1999)
  • KP:  ratification (22 October 2001) and entry into force (16 February 2005)
    • Quantified emission limitation or reduction commitment: N/A
  • Vienna Convention: accession (2 August 1990)
  • Montreal Protocol: accession (2 August 1990)
  • London Amendment: ratification (18 March 1994)
  • Copenhagen Amendment: acceptance (27 November 2000)
  • LRTAP: N/A
  • Energy Charter: N/A
  • Energy Efficiency Protocol: N/A
  • Espoo Convention: N/A
  • 2030 Pledge: 5% emissions reduction (15% conditional) below BAU by 2030
    • INDC summary – includes LULUCF and gases covered (Center for Climate and Energy Solutions 2015)
    • INDC summary – includes adaptation and conditions for implementation (Climate Policy Observer 2016)

Federal Laws on Climate Change


Air protection

  • The Brick Burning Control Act (1989; revised 2013) [Bengali] aims to maintain air quality by requiring a license for brick burning. It also prohibits the use of firewood in brick kilns.


  • National Energy Policy (1995) [English] aims to promote sustainable economic growth by developing energy sources and engaging the public and private sector to participate in the management of the energy sector.
  • The Bangladesh Water and Power Development Boards Order (1972) [English] regulates the water and watershed management by empowering the Bangladesh Water and Power Development Board.

Forests and Land Use

  • The Forest Act (1927) [English] is a major law that regulates forest resources in Bangladesh. It describes provisions for conservation and protection of national forests as well as some private forests.
  • The New Forestry Sector Master Plan (1993) [English] aims to increase the total forest cover in Bangladesh to 20% by the year 2015.
  • The Hill District Local Government Parishad Act (1989) [English] details the responsibilities of the Hill District Council subjects to promote, maintain, and improve forest, agriculture, livestock, fisheries, environment, rivers and bodies of water.

Environmental Impact Assessment


  • National Water Policy (1998) [EnglishBengali] aims to manage the use of water resources in a cost-efficient manner and allocate water equitably to the people Bangladesh.
  • Environmental Court Act (2010) [English]

National Plans, Programs and Initiatives

Local, State, and Regional Legislation and Initiatives

Government Documents

Additional Resources

Summaries of legislation compiled from Terry Townsend et al., The GLOBE Climate Legislation Study (3d ed. 2013).

Updated as of: March 24, 2016