Costa Rica

Status under International Climate Change Law

  • UNFCCC: signature (13 June 1992), ratification (26 August 1994), and entry into force (24 November 1994)
  • KP: signature (27 April 1998), ratification (9 August 2002), and entry into force (16 February 2005)
    Quantified emission limitation or reduction commitment: na
  • Vienna Convention: accession (30 July 1991)
  • Montreal Protocol: accession (30 July 1991)
  • 2020 Pledge: Pledge to deviate from projected business as usual GHG emissions scenarios by implementing a long term economy-wide transformation


Federal Laws on Climate Change


  • National Climate Change Strategy 2009 (Spanish) sets country-wide goal of carbon neutrality by 2020 and considers both a national and international plan for mitigation and adaption. The mitigation strategy is three parts, addressing source GHG emissions, carbon sequestration in forests, and development of carbon markets.


Forests and Land Use

  • 1996 Forest Law (Law No. 7575) 16 October 1996 (Spanish) asserts government responsibility for the responsible and sustainable management of forest resources, creates the Forest Conservation Certificate that compensates landowners for their environmental services, and establishes both the Forest Fund and the National Forest Financing Fund (FONAFIFO).

Government Documents


Factual Matters

NGO Resources

Secondary Sources

Partnership for Market Readiness (2013). Costa Rica Final Report. Available at:


Updated as of: April 20, 2014