Czech Republic Country Profile (World Bank)
Status under International Climate Change Law
- UNFCCC: signature (June 18, 1993) and ratification (October 7, 1993)
- Kyoto Protocol: signature (November 23, 1998) and ratification (November 15, 2001)
- Quantified emission limitation or reduction commitment: 30% GHG reduction per capita from 2000; 25% aggregated GHG reduction from 2000
- Montreal Protocol: accession (January 1, 1993)
- LRTAP: succession (September 30, 1993)
- Energy Charter: signature (June 8, 1995) and ratification (March 29, 1996)
- Energy Efficiency Protocol: signature and ratification (March 29, 1996)
- Espoo Convention: succession to signature (September 30, 1993) and ratification (Feb 26, 1993)
- 2030 Commitment: 40% domestic reduction in emissions below 1990 levels by 2030, to be fulfilled jointly by European Union member states (9% increase in domestic emissions above 2005 levels by 2020, in accordance with Decision No. 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and Council)
Federal Laws on Climate Change
- National Programme to Abate the Climate Change Impacts in the Czech Republic (2004) [English] – Framework climate change legislation to comply with EU commitments on greenhouse gas reduction.
- Air Protection Act (Clean Air Act) (2012) [Czech] to reduce and prevent air pollution, protecting human health and ecosystems.
- Act on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer and Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases (2012) [Czech] to decrease the loss of Ozone through the emission of Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases.
- Decree Establishing Requirements for the Quality of Fuel used for Inland and Seagoing Vessels for Air Protection (2012) [Czech]
- Act No. 165 on Promoted Energy Sources (2012) [Czech] to meet EU targets on renewable energy through regulation of the pricing of photovoltaic solar panels.
- Act Amending Act No. 406/2000 Coll., on Energy Management (2012) [Czech] to regulate energy performance of buildings.
- Decree Establishing the Technical and Economic Parameters of Renewable Sources of Energy Production and Lifetime of Power Plants from Supported sources (2012) [Czech] to establish regulation on existing power plants and to regulate hydroelectric, Biomass, Wind, and Geothermal energy sources.
- Decree on Requirements for Biomethane (2012) [Czech] to regulate quality, transmission, distribution, and underground gas storage of biomethane.
- The Energy Act (2000) [en, cs] to regulate a wide variety of energy sectors, including renewable energy.
- The Atomic Law (2002) [Czech] to regulate the use of nuclear fission for energy generation.
- Law on the Promotion of Renewable Resources (2005) [Czech]
- Government Regulation on Sustainability Criteria for Biofuels (2012) [Czech]
Forests and Land Use
- Forest Act (1995) [Czech] to reduce deforestation and preserve forest resources for future generations.
- Act on the Storage of Carbon Dioxide into the Natural Rock Structures (2012) [Czech] – to regulate the use of carbon capture and storage technology in order to reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide emissions.
Environmental Impact Assessment
- Assessment Act Impacts on the Environment and Amending Certain Related Laws (the Assessment of Environmental Impact) (2009) [Czech] to establish an assessment mechanism for evaluating environmental impact.
- 2014 Annex I Party GHG Inventory Submissions
- Sixth National Communication of the Czech Republic under the UNFCCC (2014) [English]
- Second Biennial Report to the UNFCCC (2015) [English]
- Submitted National Communication to the UNFCCC [English]
National Plans, Programs and Initiatives
- Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change in the Czech Republic (2015) [Czech]
- Comprehensive study on impacts, vulnerability and risks sources connected to climate change in the Czech Republic (2015) [Czech]
- National Programme To Abate the Climate Change Impacts in the Czech Republic (Ministry of the Environment) (2004) [English]
- Emission Trading (Ministry of the Environment) [English]
- State Energy Policy of the Czech Republic (Ministry of the Environment) (2014)
Local, State, and Regional Legislation and Initiatives
- European Union Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) (2015)
- EU Adaptation Strategy Package (European Commission)
- European Climate Adaptation Platform (Climate ADAPT)
- 2020 Climate & Energy Package (European Commission) (2007)
- Decision No. 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and Council of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the effort of Member States to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Community’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments up to 2020 (European Parliament and Council) (2009)
- Directive 2010/31/EU of The European Parlaiment and of The Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (European Parliament and Council) (2010)
- Directive 2012/27/EU of The European Parlaiment and of The Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency(European Parliament and Council) (2012)
- European Union Trading Scheme (EU ETS) (European Commission)
- Czech Republic Country Profile (International Energy Agency)
- Climate change – Czech Republic (Climate Change Post)
- Czech Republic Climate change impacts on water systems (OECD Secretariat) (2013)
- Czech Republic (Europe’s Energy Portal)
Summaries of legislation compiled from Nachmany, M., et al. 2014. “The GLOBE Climate Legislation Study: A Review of Climate Change Legislation in 66 Countries. Fourth Edition.” London: GLOBE International and the Grantham Research Institute, London School of Economics.
Updated as of: May 2, 2016