Indonesia Country Profile (World Bank)

Status Under International Climate Law

  • UNFCCC: signature and ratification (23 Aug 1994)
  • KP: signature and ratification (3 Dec 2004)
    Quantified emission limitation or reduction commitment: na
  • Vienna Convention: accession (26 Jun 1992)
  • Montreal Protocol: signature and ratification (26 Jun 1992)
  • Energy Charter: observer
  • Energy Efficiency Protocol: observer
  • 2030 Commitment: 29% emissions reduction (41% conditional) below BAU levels by 2030
    • INDC summary – includes LULUCF and gases covered (Center for Climate and Energy Solutions 2015)
    • INDC summary – includes adaptation and conditions for implementation (Climate Policy Observer 2016)

Federal Laws on Climate Change

Climate Change


Forests and Land Use

Environmental Impact Assessment

National Plans, Programs and Initiatives

Local, State, and Regional Legislation and Initiatives

  • Policy advice for environment and climate change (PAKLIM) (Indonesian State Ministry of Environment (MoE) and GIZ) (2009) [English] [Indonesian]

Government Documents

Additional Resources

Summaries of legislation compiled from Terry Townsend et al., The GLOBE Climate Legislation Study (3d ed. 2013).