Philippines Country Profile (World Bank)

Status under International Climate Change Law

  • UNFCCC: signature (12 June 1992), ratification (2 Aug 1994)
  • KP: signature (15 Apr 1998), ratification (20 Nov 2003)

o   Quantified emission limitation or reduction commitment: NA

  • Vienna Convention: ratification (17 July 1991)
  • Montreal Protocol: ratification (17 July 1991)
  • Energy Charter: NA
  • Energy Efficiency Protocol: NA
  • Espoo Convention: NA
  • 2030 Commitment: 70% below BAU levels by 2030
    • INDC summary – includes LULUCF and gases covered (Center for Climate and Energy Solutions 2015)
    • INDC summary – includes adaptation and conditions for implementation (Climate Policy Observer 2016)

Federal Laws on Climate Change


Air Pollution


Forests and Land Use


National Plans, Programs and Initiatives

Local, State, and Regional Legislation and Initiatives

Government Documents

Additional Resources

  • Philippines Profile (Climate Action Tracker) (2015)
  • Climate Change Knowledge Portal: Philippines (World Bank)
  • Climate Change Strategies: Philippines (Asia Regional Integration Center)
  • Climate Change in the Philippines (Philippines Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration)
  • Publications:
    • Forsyth, Timothy. International investment and climate change: energy technologies for developing countries. Routledge, 2014.
    • Leary, Neil, et al., eds. Climate Change and Vulnerability and Adaptation: Two Volume Set. Routledge, 2013.
    • Yumul, Graciano P., et al. “Extreme weather events and related disasters in the Philippines, 2004–08: a sign of what climate change will mean?.” Disasters 35.2 (2011): 362-382.
    • Birkmann, Jörn, and Joanna Pardoe. “Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction: Fundamentals, Synergies and Mismatches.” Adapting to Climate Change. Springer Netherlands, 2014. 41-56.

Summaries of legislation compiled from Nachmany, M., et al. 2014. “The GLOBE Climate Legislation Study: A Review of Climate Change Legislation in 66 Countries. Fourth Edition.” London: GLOBE International and the Grantham Research Institute, London School of Economics.

Updated as of: April 20, 2016