Status under International Climate Change Law

  • UNFCCC: signature and ratification (28 Dec 1994)
  • KP: signature and ratification (18 Nov 2004)
    Quantified emission limitation or reduction commitment: no augmentation
  • Vienna Convention: signature and acceptance (18 Jun 1986)
  • Montreal Protocol: signature and acceptance (10 Nov 1988)
  • LRTAP: signature and ratification (22 May 1980) as well as signature and acceptance of 1984, 1985 and 1988 Protocols and signature of 1994 Protocol
  • Energy Charter: The Russian Federation signed the Energy Charter Treaty and was applying it provisionally until 18 October 2009 inclusive.
  • Espoo Convention: signature only
  • 2030 Commitment: “Limiting anthropogenic greenhouse gases in Russia to 70-75% of 1990 levels by the year 2030 might be a long-term indicator, subject to the maximum possible account of absorbing capacity of forests.”

Federal Laws on Climate Change


  • Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation (2009) to set strategic guidelines and serve as a foundation for the development and implementation of future climate policy [English, Russian].
  • On the Measures of Implementing Article 6 of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Government Decree No. 844) (2009) to provide for new opportunities for the realization of Joint Implementation projects envisaged under the Kyoto Protocol (legislation establishing Articles 6 and 17 of the Protocol).


Government Documents

  • Energy Strategy to 2030 (2003) detailing goals, objectives, and main directions of long-term energy policy.
  • Programme for Energy Efficient Economy (Framework Policy) (2001) to set targets and outline measures for energy efficiency improvements in different sectors of the economy.

Secondary Sources

Max Gutbrod et al., Russia, in CLIMATE CHANGE LIABILITY, 489-522 (Richard Lord et al. eds., Cambridge University Press 2011)

Summaries of legislation compiled from Terry Townsend et al., The GLOBE Climate Legislation Study (3d ed. 2013).

Updated as of: December 2013