Thailand Country Profile (World Bank)

Status under International Climate Change Law

  • UNFCCC:  signature (12 June 1992) and ratification (28 Dec 1994)
  • KP: signature (2 Feb 1999) and ratification (28 Aug 2002)

o   Quantified emission limitation or reduction commitment: NA

  • Vienna Convention: ratification (7 July 1989)
  • Montreal Protocol: signature (15 Sept 1988) and ratification (7 July 1989)
  • Energy Charter: NA
  • Energy Efficiency Protocol: NA
  • Espoo Convention: NA
  • 2030 Commitment: 20% emissions reduction (25% conditional) below BAU levels by 2030
    • INDC summary – includes LULUCF and gases covered (Center for Climate and Energy Solutions 2015)
    • INDC summary – includes adaptation and conditions for implementation (Climate Policy Observer 2016)

Federal Laws on Climate Change

Climate Change

  • Establishment of a Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (TGO) B.E. 2550 (2007): The TGO functions as the Designated National Authority for CDM projects in Thailand [English,Thai]


Forests and Land Use


National Plans, Programs and Initiatives

Government Documents

Additional Resources

  • Natural Resources and Environment Program (NRE) (Thailand Development Research Institute)
  • Climate Change in Thailand: Impacts and Adaptation Strategies (The Climate Institute) (2008)
  • Publications:
    • Darlington, Susan M. “Environmental Justice in Thailand in the Age of Climate Change.” Environmental and Climate Change in South and Southeast Asia: How are Local Cultures Coping?(2014): 211.
    • Suddhiyam, Pornparn, et al. “Vulnerability to Climate Change: Adaptation Strategies & Layers of Resilience-Mainstreaming Grassroots Level Adaptation and Building Climate Resilient Agriculture in Thailand (Policy Brief No. 22).” (2013).
    • Wannasai, N., et al. “Vulnerability to Climate Change: Adaptation Strategies and Layers of Resilience–Quantifying Vulnerability to Climate Change in Thailand.” (2013).
    • Mainuddin, Mohammed, Mac Kirby, and Chu Thai Hoanh. “Water productivity responses and adaptation to climate change in the lower Mekong basin.” Water International 37.1 (2012): 53-74.
    • Marks, Danny. “Climate change and Thailand: impact and response.” Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs 33.2 (2011): 229-258.
    • Yasuko Kameyama, Agus P. Sari, Moekti H. Soejachmoen, Norichika Kanie (Eds.), “Climate Change in Asia: Perspectives on the Future Climate Regime”, United Nations University, 2008.
    • Climate change policy information

Summaries of legislation compiled from Nachmany, M., et al. 2014. “The GLOBE Climate Legislation Study: A Review of Climate Change Legislation in 66 Countries. Fourth Edition.” London: GLOBE International and the Grantham Research Institute, London School of Economics.

Updated as of: April 25, 2016