Thailand Country Profile (World Bank)
Status under International Climate Change Law
- UNFCCC: signature (12 June 1992) and ratification (28 Dec 1994)
- KP: signature (2 Feb 1999) and ratification (28 Aug 2002)
o Quantified emission limitation or reduction commitment: NA
- Vienna Convention: ratification (7 July 1989)
- Montreal Protocol: signature (15 Sept 1988) and ratification (7 July 1989)
- LRTAP: NA
- Energy Charter: NA
- Energy Efficiency Protocol: NA
- Espoo Convention: NA
- 2030 Commitment: 20% emissions reduction (25% conditional) below BAU levels by 2030
Federal Laws on Climate Change
- Establishment of a Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (TGO) B.E. 2550 (2007): The TGO functions as the Designated National Authority for CDM projects in Thailand [English,Thai]
- Energy Conservation Promotion Act of 1992 (1992) [English]
Forests and Land Use
- The National Park Act (1961) [English]
- The National Forest Reserve Act (1964) [English]
- Forest Act (1941) [English]
- Act for the Conservation and Protection of Wildlife B.E. 2535 (1992) [English]
National Plans, Programs and Initiatives
- 11th Social and Economic Development Plan (2012-2016) [English]
- National Strategic Plan on Climate Change (2008-2012), integrated in the 10th Social and Economic Development Plan (2007-2011) [Thai]
- National Master Plan on Climate Change (2013-2050) (draft); summarized in Thailand Climate Policy presentation (Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment) [English]
- Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP) 2008-2021 (Ministry of Energy) [English]
- Energy Efficiency Development Plan (EEDP) 2011-2030 (Ministry of Energy) [English]
- Thailand Power Development Plan (2011-2030) (Ministry of Energy) (2011) (draft) [English]
- Thailand’s initial national communication under the UNFCCC (2000) [English]
- Thailand’s second national communication under the UNFCCC (2011) [English]
- Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (2015) [English]
- Natural Resources and Environment Program (NRE) (Thailand Development Research Institute)
- Climate Change in Thailand: Impacts and Adaptation Strategies (The Climate Institute) (2008)
- Darlington, Susan M. “Environmental Justice in Thailand in the Age of Climate Change.” Environmental and Climate Change in South and Southeast Asia: How are Local Cultures Coping?(2014): 211.
- Suddhiyam, Pornparn, et al. “Vulnerability to Climate Change: Adaptation Strategies & Layers of Resilience-Mainstreaming Grassroots Level Adaptation and Building Climate Resilient Agriculture in Thailand (Policy Brief No. 22).” (2013).
- Wannasai, N., et al. “Vulnerability to Climate Change: Adaptation Strategies and Layers of Resilience–Quantifying Vulnerability to Climate Change in Thailand.” (2013).
- Mainuddin, Mohammed, Mac Kirby, and Chu Thai Hoanh. “Water productivity responses and adaptation to climate change in the lower Mekong basin.” Water International 37.1 (2012): 53-74.
- Marks, Danny. “Climate change and Thailand: impact and response.” Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs 33.2 (2011): 229-258.
- Yasuko Kameyama, Agus P. Sari, Moekti H. Soejachmoen, Norichika Kanie (Eds.), “Climate Change in Asia: Perspectives on the Future Climate Regime”, United Nations University, 2008.
- Climate change policy information
Summaries of legislation compiled from Nachmany, M., et al. 2014. “The GLOBE Climate Legislation Study: A Review of Climate Change Legislation in 66 Countries. Fourth Edition.” London: GLOBE International and the Grantham Research Institute, London School of Economics.
Updated as of: April 25, 2016