United Arab Emirates

Status under International Climate Change Law

  • UNFCCC: accession (29 Dec 1995)
  • KP: accession (26 Jan 2005)
    Quantified emission limitation or reduction commitment: NA
  • Vienna Convention: accession (22 Dec 1989)
  • Montreal Protocol: accession (22 Dec 1989)
  • Energy Charter: observer
  • Energy Efficiency Protocol: observer
  • Espoo Convention: NA

Federal Laws on Climate Change


  • Federal Law No. 28 Establishing the Emirates Authority for Standardization and Metrology (ESMA) (2001) [en, ar] – creates a department with the authority to promulgate energy efficiency standardization and labeling guidance. ESMA has since passed regulations for various products.
  • Federal Law No. 6 Regarding the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy (2009) [en, ar] – establishes the independent Federal Authority of Nuclear Regulation (FANR) to oversee the country’s nuclear energy sector. A FANR license is required to operate a nuclear facility or handle regulated materials. Licensees must take “all steps necessary to reduce the risk of an accident to a level that is as low as reasonably achievable.”

Local, State, and Regional Legislation and Initiatives

  • Abu Dhabi Vision 2030 (2009) [en, ar] – provides a comprehensive plan for the diversification of the Emirate’s economy and a significant increase in the non-oil sector’s contribution to the Emirate’s GDP by the year 2030.
  • Dubai Administrative Resolution No. 344 Concerning Approval and Application of the Green Buildings Conditions and Specifications in the Emirate of Dubai (2011) [en, ar].
  • Dubai Integrated Energy Strategy 2030 (2011) – seeks to diversify sources of energy and reduce energy demand.

Summaries of legislation compiled from Nachmany, M., et al. 2014. “The GLOBE Climate Legislation Study: A Review of Climate Change Legislation in 66 Countries. Fourth Edition.” London: GLOBE International and the Grantham Research Institute, London School of Economics.

Updated as of: December 18, 2014