Vanuatu Country Profile (World Bank)

Status under International Climate Change Law

  • UNFCCC: signature (June 9, 1992) and ratification (March 25, 1993)
  • KP: ratification (July 17, 2001) and entry into force (February 16, 2005)
    • Quantified emission limitation or reduction commitment: N/A
  • Vienna Convention: accession (November 21, 1994)
  • Montreal Protocol: accession (November 21, 1994)
  • LRTAP: N/A
  • Energy Charter: N/A
  • Energy Efficiency Protocol: N/A
  • Espoo Convention: N/A
  • 2020 Commitment: 65% of power generation through renewables; 30% reduction in GHG emissions
    • INDC summary – includes LULUCF and gases covered (Center for Climate and Energy Solutions 2015)
    • INDC summary – includes adaptation and conditions for implementation (Climate Policy Observer 2016)

Federal Laws on Climate Change


Forests and Land Use

Environmental Impact Assessment

  • Environmental Management and Conservation Act (2002) [English] (2010 amendment extends definition of “significant environmental impact” to include “the degree to which the adaptation to, and mitigation of climate change is affected”)


National Plans, Programs and Initiatives

Local, State, and Regional Legislation and Initiatives

Government Documents

Additional Resources


Updated as of: August 10, 2015